As of now, 100 p.c tax rebate beneath part 87A is on just for people whose complete revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 3.5 lakh topic to a restrict of Rs 2,500. To wit, suppose an individual will get a wage revenue of Rs 3.5 lakh in the course of the monetary yr 2018-19, his tax legal responsibility is Rs 5,000—being 5 p.c of Rs 1 lakh given the tax exemption restrict of Rs 2.5 lakh. But he must content material himself with a rebate of Rs 2,500.
Things are going to vary dramatically. From AY 2020-21, the rebate beneath this part goes to be given ungrudgingly—100 p.c with out strings or limits, that too for individuals incomes proper as much as Rs 5 lakh. If an individual earns Rs 5 lakh in the course of the monetary yr 2019-20, his total tax legal responsibility of Rs 12,500 i.e. 5 p.c of Rs 2.5 lakh could be rebated thus absolving him fully of tax legal responsibility.
Senior residents (80-year-old and above at any time in the course of the monetary yr) have lengthy been having fun with this privilege which is superficially much like the one conferred by Piyush Goyal however in reality goes a lot past. They get full tax exemption on their first Rs 5 lakh of revenue. Period. But if you’re youthful than them, you’ll lose the 100 p.c tax rebate if you’re not capable of hold your complete revenue in tight leash, i.e. throughout the Rs 5 lakh mark. If it crosses this hazard mark, you will have to faucet into as many tax saving avenues enumerated beneath sections bearing the prefix 80.
Suppose your revenue for 2019-20 is Rs 6.50 lakh, you may convey it right down to Rs 5 lakh by investing beneath part 80C in 5-year mounted deposit with a financial institution Rs 1.50 lakh. If the revenue is Rs Eight lakh, then Rs 1.50 lakh beneath part 80C and one other Rs 1.50 lakh beneath part 80CCC beneath pension plan of LIC and different accepted insurers.
Again medical insurance premium on nuclear household upto Rs 25,000 and one other Rs 25,000 on mother and father are additionally deductible. Thus with a gross complete revenue of Rs 8.50 lakh, it’s attainable to legitimately convey it right down to Rs 5 lakh and thus fully escape tax.
Apart from part 80 deductions, one may also scale back his taxable revenue by means of acquisition of home properties. Hitherto, one might scale back his tax on wage or enterprise revenue by investing in a self-occupied residential home and paying curiosity on the mortgage therefor. Interest as much as a most of Rs 2 lakh was allowed thus leading to a most lack of Rs 2 lakh which could possibly be set off in opposition to wage or enterprise revenue because the case could also be.
Budget 2019 has whereas retaining the restrict of Rs 2 lakh allowed a person to spend money on two self-occupied residential homes. Thus loss from self-occupied homes can be used as a bulwark to convey down the taxable revenue to the extent of Rs 5 lakh or much less.
The above dialogue will be summarised as follows:
• Very senior residents’ revenue tax exemption threshold itself is Rs 5 lakh. So a lot so the primary slab fee for them is 20 p.c after they begin incomes greater than Rs 5 lakh
• Others who do not need a complete revenue exceeding Rs 5 lakh, they get 100 p.c tax rebate
• Others who’ve gross complete revenue in extra of Rs 5 lakh can try laborious by means of deductions beneath part 80 as effectively by reserving loss beneath home property and convey their complete revenue right down to Rs 5 lakh and get 100 p.c tax rebate; and
• Others who regardless of their finest efforts are unable to convey down their complete revenue to Rs 5 lakh or much less must pay tax on revenue in extra of Rs 2.5 lakh.
Let us say the full revenue of an individual is Rs 6 lakh. He can pay tax as follows:
- On first 2, 50,000 nil
- On subsequent 2, 50,000 5 p.c, i.e. Rs 12,500
- On the remaining Rs 1 lakh 20 p.c, i.e. Rs 20,000
Thus his complete tax legal responsibility excluding training cess of four p.c is Rs 32,500.
For a householder, the sage recommendation to avoid wasting and make investments and keep away from tax legitimately is simpler mentioned than accomplished. Because from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 5 lakh, the tax-oriented financial savings/investments should be the order of Rs 5 lakh, i.e. 50 p.c of 1’s revenue. And if the householder occurs to be supporting a really massive household, he won’t have the ability to save a lot within the tax-savings avenues.
(The author is a senior columnist and tweets @smurlidharan)
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